LTE is a technology derived from the latest cellular network which has the ability of various data rates for User equipment (UE). By the by, it offers a sophisticated platform for people who have a research interest in mobile communication. In specific, the scholar can build and test their LTE-based applications, services, and devices before the real deployments using Python LTE Simulation.
- 50Mbps and data rate approximate to 2.5bits / s / Hz
- 100Mbps and data rate approximate to 2.5bits / s / Hz
Now, we can see the importance of LTE among cellular networks. It makes you clear in understanding the reason behind the fast growth of LTE in the research community. By the by, there are several factors like data rate, QoS, etc. that influence LTE to reach continuous advancements. And some of them are listed below with their intentions.
- To achieve maximum Data Rates
- Utilize LTE-3GPP standard for air interface
- Accomplish the high data rates with HSUPA / HSDPA
- To acquire low-cost Infrastructure
- Simple system architecture with low number of nodes
- To meet PS System Optimization
- Make UMTS to move in the direction of packet-based system
- To attain determined QoS
- Minimize delay of round trip and control plane
- Exploit licensed (registered) frequencies
- To accomplish lower processor load price
- Perform least number of transitions among various conditions
Our resource team has several years of practice in working with LTE networks using python. So, we have sufficient on both fundamentals and evolving technologies of LTE cellular networks. Basically, the following functions are considered as key operations of LTE that scholars want to analyze while selecting the research topic.
- System Call Control
- Session Management
- User / Device Identity Verification
- Dynamic Node Mobility Management
As well, we also have given you the basic models that are used in the construction of LTE networks. The scholars who wish to do their research on the LTE network Security must need to know the following models utilized in different scenarios. Beyond these models, we also have experience working with other models to upgrade the functionalities of LTE.
Fundamental Models of LTE networks
- Network Devices
- Point-to-Point, WiMax, WiFi, CSMA, etc.
- Design and Development of Echo Servers
- Network Traffic Generator
- Error, Queuing and Mobility Models
- Packet Routing
- DSR, OLSR, Nix-Vector, Static, AODV, Global (connection condition) and many more
Next, we can see the features of LTE in Radio Access Network. These features explicitly define the growth of cellular communication in the real world. Below, we have addressed only the main features beyond these LTE comprises various features which act as a baseline for future cellular technologies.
Features of LTE
- Every active mobile device is assigned with many time slots (0.5ms) on 12 frequencies
- Applicable up to 100 Mbps / device
- Scheduling technique
- Downstream Channel – Frequency and Time Division Multiplexing in Frequency Channel
- Upstream – Time and Frequency Division Multiplexing relatively with OFDM Transmitter and Reciever
- Orthogonal – Low Interference among Channels
Our experts are intended to provide you that kind of service to fulfill your research Python LTE Simulation. We ensure that we help you to tackle any kind of research challenges in both real and non-real applications. Below, we have given basic and essential things that we have to focus on for developing and simulating network models.
Important Aspects of Network Simulation
- Network Topology
- System Design Planning
- Computer Software Platforms
- Programming Languages
- Simulation Infrastructure
- Statistical Data Disseminations
Though this field has created a lot of advancement in this digital era, it is technically not fully compatible with the real implementation. So, on practically implementing research topics, we need proper expert guidance to find a smart way of development. For your reference, here we have given some challenges in Python LTE Simulation.
Limitations of LTE
- Increases the density of population in Metropolitan regions
- Drastic growth of mobile or LTE devices
- Need of bigger network capacity to handle large-scale communication
- Continuous claim for greater speeds / lower delay of connections
For any LTE model, we need to use network protocols for launching communication among entities. Since it provides a set of rules for LTE devices to send and receive wireless information. Generally, there are different layers in the LTE model to support communication. Based on the layer, the usage of protocols may vary. For instance: here we have given a list of protocols used in the Link layer with their core functions.
LTE Link Layer Protocols
- Medium Access – Radio Communication Slots and Data Request
- Packet Data Merging – Encryption, Header and Compression
- Radio Link Control (RLC) Protocol –Trustable Data Distribution, Reassembly and Fragmentation
Why simulation is important for networks?
The real-time development of a resource-restricted environment for network testing is quite a challenging job by means of high cost and high labour power. When we are working with the cellular network, then it incorporates several network resources/entities such as servers, base stations, access points, computing devices, smartphones, etc. So, the deployments of physical entities are hard and time-consuming process while creating the infrastructure using Python LTE Simulation.
To avoid all these problems, simulation was introduced to analyze the network behavior before direct implementation. And, it is executed through simulation tools which comprise several libraries and toolboxes. On using them, one can simply drag and drop the network entities in the simulation environment.
Most importantly, we can predict realistic network behaviour and performance prior to actual deployment. For evaluating the performance, it encloses different simulation parameters such as battery usage, security, integrity, energy, latency, power, etc. Based on the proper usage of parameters, we can accurately analyze the network functionalities. Below, we have shared in what way, the Python LTE Simulation projects are modeled in a simulation environment.
How to perform LTE simulation?
- Choose simulation detail that meet your needs
- Reduce trouble in handling simulators
- Decrease development complexity
- Trade-off in Simulation
- Employed Models Information
- Dynamic Network Expandability and Computation / Processing Complexity
Python based LTE simulation Tools
Python is a versatile programming language that allows you to implement high-level data structure algorithms through their simpler syntax. Due to its versatility, it is preferred in many research domains and areas. Then, the interpreter of python executes the code fast and enhances the programmability in terms of data types and new methods than other languages C/C++. So, it minimizes the development time and maximizes the program efficiency. Additionally, here we have listed few key technologies that python assures to give the fullest support for application developments.
Technologies simulated using Python
- Cognitive Radio Network (CRN)
- Decoupling of Network Connections
- Millimeter-wave (mm-Wave) Communication
- Massive Multiple Input Multiple Output (M-MIMO)
Overview of PyLTEs
Next, we can see how python implements the LTE network applications. In python LTE simulation, the PyLTEs framework assists you to design, develop and test the LTE models for assessing the efficacy of techniques, algorithms, protocols used in the LTE model. Further, it enables the creation of the own mechanism/algorithm in an easier way. Below, we have given you some characteristics of PyLTEs that have a key player role in enhancing LTE system performance.
Key features of PyLTEs
- Enable to estimate users throughput
- Adaptive to assess various frequency reusability
- Easy to compute normalized signal level (SINR) in the network
- Efficient to determine optimal transmission power for eNodeBs
Requirements for Python Installation
- Python 3.5
- PyGMO v2
- Packages – numpy and matplotlib
Next, we can see about the python enabled simulation tool. For LTE research topics implementation, our developers have worked with several simulators and other development platforms. So, we are ready to assist you with handpicked development tools and technologies. If required, we also recommend suitable tools for your research-based Python LTE Simulation project needs. Below, we have given a python-based simulator that is appropriate for LTE simulation.
- It is a simulator used for cellular network which is fully dependent on Python
- Also, it comprises several tools to inspect different models of cellular communication
- In overall, it enables you to construct, verify and deploy the modelled systems
LTE Module for NS3
In the NS-3 LTE module, entire LTE network functionalities are described in the ns3::LteNetDevice class. Here, the LTE device acts as a container to incorporate several entities like RLC, RRC, LTE PHY layer, MAC, etc. where everyone has a separate class to perform their own functions. Furthermore, this module is composed of numerous features to create a beneficial impact on NS3 based LTE simulation. And, some of the key characteristics are given below,
NS3 LTE Module supports of
- Enable configuration of various eNodeB antenna
- Include different scheduling techniques for uplink
- Allow local-scale scenarios for simulation
- Support closed-loop control of power at run-time
- Able to integrate millions of mobile user equipment
- Several network baseband spectrum and bandwidth possibilities
- Efficient active cell geometry with an impact of propagation and topography
- Support 1000+ eNodeB nodes along with pico/femto cell formations and 3 to 10 sectors
- Continuous changing UE will provide constant information on mobility patterns, eNodeBs hand-off and network loads
By using NS-3, we can combine the LTE module into the NS-3 itself. Further, it also applies to incorporate TCP/IP protocol stack for every device and make application development simple. Further, it also lets you evaluate the efficiency of the developed model by different parameters.
Support the evaluation of:
- End-to-End Quality of Experience
- Performance at Radio-level
In addition, this field provides a sophisticated platform for developing new algorithms for following use-cases. In fact, our developers are unique in designing models because we develop our algorithms / pseudo-code to tackle the complex issues of LTE systems.
Allow the prototyping of algorithms for:
- Self-Organization Network (SON)
- Cognitive Radio Resource Control and Allocation
- Run-Time Spectrum Sharing and Access
- Enhancement of Service Quality in Packet Scheduling
- Coordination and Alignment of Inter-cell Interference
- UEs in the range from 100s (More) to 1000s (Less)
- eNBs in the range from 10s (More) to 100s (Less)
In the above section, we have seen the performance parameters. Now, we can see the parameters that we need to give attention to while designing the models. The following parameters are incorporated with LTE models which are developed in python. Most importantly, these parameters are used to improve the modeling aspects of the LTE system. Our experts are adept to choose an appropriate model in the project based on research requirements.
Design parameters of Python for LTE
- Basic EPC
- SGW and PGW in One Node (no S5/S8 Interface)
- One SGW and MME
- Granularity of Radio Signal Model is Resource Block
- Expensive Symbol-level Model
- Simple Physical and Channel Model
- Mode of Connection
- EMM Registration
- RRC and ECM Connection
- Hybrid Control Plane Model
- Simple S11, S1-C and X2-C Models
- Real RRC Model
- Real Data Plane based Protocol Stack Model
- Empower to assess the end-to-end Quality of Experience
- Ability to establish Communication with Internet Protocol Networking
- Real PDCP, RLC, X2-U and S1-U Models
- LTE based FemtoForum MAC Scheduler for Application Programming Interface
From our recent study, we have composed various provocative research notions that are assured to create an incredible contribution in your interesting research area for the development of modern society. Usually, we create ideas after realizing the current research demand of the specific area by referring to several past couple of year’s research magazines and articles. So, we ensure you that our proposed research ideas are up-to-date to meet the scholar’s expectations.
Latest Ideas on LTE using Python
- Mult-Carrier Frequency Spectrum Management
- Enhancement of Frequency Spectrum Beyond 6GHz
- Large-scale Network Simulation in 5G Communication
- Improved Multiple level of Network Connectivity in LTE Model
- Multi-layered LTE Model for Secure Transmission
- Advance Multi-sector enabled communication in 5G Network
- Design of Cross-layered Architecture in 5G networks
- Efficient Network Models and Carrier Management
- Implementation of New LTE technologies for High System Performance
Further, we also encourage you to come up with your ideas and opinions regarding your python LTE simulation research topics. And, we assure you that we give friendly guidance of your research and development to reach your goal on time. Hope you will make use of this opportunity of holding our hands to succeed in your career life.