Networking is creating a web connection among computers and components of network. Analysis of network performance, internal applications and simulation network modeling can be done for networking projects for final year students. Technology, routing and protocols of network serve as a tool for analyzing network. Transferring of data, multimedia and entertainment projects are offered in the area of internet application. New tools for network simulation can be developed.

Need of Networks:

  • Resource Sharing.
  • Data Protection.
  • File Sharing.

Network Categories:

The categories of network are formed by their geographical locations.

  • Wide Area Network (WAN).
  • Metropolitan Area Network (MAN).
  • Local Area Network (LAN).

Wide Area Network:

A large area can be connected using wide area network. It can connect a large international or national community.

WANs features:

  • Needs carrier to transfer data.
  • Social communication and transformation.
  • Able to connect broader area.

WANs advantages:

  • Messages are sent within a short period of time.
  • WAN can show information on large area.
  • Long distance communication can be achieved.

Metropolitan Area Network:

Connections for many buildings or a large campus are possible through MAN network.

 MANs features:

  • It cannot be owned by single authority.
  • Covers a large area like a city.
  • Provides high speed network.

MANs Advantages:

  • Resources on the network can be accessed quickly.
  • Better quality of service compared to LAN and WAN.
  • Bandwidth efficiency of metropolitan area network is high.

Local Area Network:

Computers within a small geographic location are connected through LAN. Office and home network are connected through LAN.

LANs Features:

  • Data rate of LAN is high.
  • Connects a building or a group of building.
  • Provides connectivity among all stations.
  • LAN can be controlled by the owner.
  • Network can be enabled in small area.

LANs Advantage:

  • It is controlled by administrator so security can be guaranteed.
  • Through the connection of PCs together communication between channels has improved.
  • Both hardware and software resource are shared effectively.

Protocols in LAN, MAN, WAN:

  • Transmission control Protocol (TCP).
  • User datagram protocol (UDP).
  • Internet Protocol (IP).

Transmission Control Protocol:

Packet delivery is done by TCP. It requires a predefined connection to send data. Large data can be transmitted through TCP.

User Datagram Protocol:

Ion internet protocol forms the base of datagram protocol. Transmission is possible from one point to another with no verification. It is used to transmit small amount of data.

Internet Protocol:

No connection is needed before packet data sent. No error detection is done. 32 bit IP address is used for routing data packets.

Future enhancement:

Cloud storage networks are made advanced by improving the data center. With many simulation tools projects can be done to simulate geographical area network.