Building, evolving and producing electronic devices and communication systems (using different electronic components) are all part of Electronics and Communication Engineering. Besides mechanical, electrical and computer Science engineering, and electrical Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering (or ECE), is amongst the most valued fields of study in engineering.

What is Electronics and Communication Engineering?

  • There are two terms are involved in ECE i.e. electronics (represents sensors, devices and any other components) and communication (transfer / transmission of information through channels / protocols).
  • Digital analogue communications and transmissions, satellite communication, fundamental electronic equipments, microcontrollers, solid-state components, Circuit boards, antennas and waveform propagation, and microwaves technology are all covered in an Electronics and Communication Engineering degree.

Our firm’s goal is to develop engineers who can use the highest appropriate software and hardware combinations to solve major issues. At electronics and communication engineering projects we are helping out research scholars and students to devise advanced solutions through proper computations and employing modern control and communication mechanisms. Learners would understand the design of optimal machines by combining their computer science and electronics background with the research and field experience of our experts.

This article will provide you with a complete picture on how to do the best ECE projects. What should an ECE student know?

You will learn

Being an ECE student, you are expected to have a thorough knowledge on the following concepts

  • Fundamentals of electronics – digital electronics and signal processing all types of systems, signals and circuits (electrical, electronic and so on)
  • Advanced electronics – machine learning, other programmable circuit boards, computational infrastructure and architecture and communication networks
  • Algorithms and programs – utilising C language for problem solving purposes, designing software applications, designing and analysing various algorithms and OOPs

With the guidance of our research experts you shall readily get authentic research materials which are considered benchmark references. We will also provide you with the practical explanation on all those aspects that are deemed to be necessary. So you will learn all the above concepts and their advancements and implementations in real-time by more efficiently. Let us now talk about the recent ECE areas of research 

Current Research Areas in Electronics and Communication Engineering

What are the hot topics for research in electronics and communication engineering? 

  • Communication systems
    • Analogue systems
      • Modulation and demodulation (amplitude and angle)
      • Spectral analysis of various operations
      • Superheterodyne noise constraints
    • Digital systems
      • Pulse code and differential pulse code modulation
      • Delta modulation
      • Digital modulation – amplitude phase and frequency
      • Frequency shift keying mechanism – PSK, ASK and FSK
      • Consideration of Bandwidth and matched filter receivers
      • Calculating probability errors in GSM and TDMA
  • Electronic devices
    • Silicon have intrinsic and extrinsic energy bands
    • Drift and diffusion current, resistivity and mobility are different carrier transport involved silicon
    • Creating and recombining carriers using the following components
      • Zener diode
      • Tunnel diode
      • P-n junction diode
      • JFET, MOSFET and BJT
      • Avalanche photodiodes and p-i-n diode
      • LASERs, LED and MOS capacitor 
    • Device technology including the following
      • Fabrication processes of integrated circuits
      • Oxidation and diffusion
      • Photolithography and ion implantation
      • n – tub, twin – tub, twin – tub CMOS processing and p – tub
  • Signal and Systems
    • Using Laplace Transform for defining the properties
    • Continuous and discrete time Fourier Transform and Fourier series
    • Z Transform and sampling theorems
    • Linear Time Invariant Systems
      • Defining the characteristics
      • Causality, convolution and stability
      • Impulse, zero frequency and poles response
      • Group and phase delay
      • Signal transmission
    • Noise cancellation and random noise systems
      • Probability and probability density function
      • Power spectral density
      • Autocorrelation and random variables
      • Analogy between functions and vectors
  • Digital circuits
    • Boolean functions
      • AND, OR, XOR, NOT and other functions
    • Digital IC aspects
      • DTL, MOS, TTL, ECL and CMOS
    • Combinational circuits
      • Code converters and multiplexers
      • Decoders
      • Arithmetic circuits
    • Sequential circuits
      • Counters, latches and flip flops
      • Shift registers
    • Sample and hold circuits
      • DAC
      • ADC
      • Semiconductor memories
    • Microprocessors 8086
      • Architecture
      • Programming and memory
      • Input and output interface
  • Analogue circuits
    • Large and small scale equivalent circuits
      • BJT
      • JFET and MOSFET
      • Diode circuits and rectifiers
      • Clipping and clamping
      • Biasing and transistor bias stability
    • Amplifiers
      • Differential and feedback
      • Operational amplifiers
      • Single stage and multistage amplifiers
      • Power amplifiers
    • Amplifier analysis
      • Frequency response
      • Simple operational amplifier circuit
      • Filters and sinusoidal oscillator along with Criteria and configuration
      • Wave shaping circuits, function generators and power supplies
  • Control systems
    • Fundamental components for system control
      • Block representation reduction – Mason’s rule
      • Loop systems (closed and open)
      • Analysing the stability of loop systems
      • Signal flow graph analysis (for transfer function determination)
      • LTI control system analysis and frequency response
      • Noise criticality checks  and rejecting steady-state disturbances
    • LTI system control tools for design and analysis
      • Root loci
      • Routh-Hurwitz stability criterion
      • Bode and Nyquist plots
    • Control system compensators
      • Lag and lead element compensation
      • Proportional integral derivative elements control
      • Zero order hold for discrete and continuous time systems
      • Implementation of digital controllers using ADC
    • Digital controller constraints
    • LTI control system – state variable representation and solution
    • Nonlinear dynamics system linearization bye realisations of state space in time and frequency domains
    • MIMO LTI system control by fundamental observation
    • Realisations of state space – controllable and observable canonical form
    • Ackermann’s formula – state feedback pole placement
    • Full and reduced order estimator design

Currently researches are exponentially increasing in the above mentioned areas of study related to electronics and communication engineering. Our research experts are very well experienced in guiding projects on all these topics. So you can get all your doubts solved readily from us. What is the list of programming languages for an ECE student?

Supported Programming Languages for ECE 

If you are a final year student or research scholar it becomes important for you to you have complete Idea on the following programming languages

  • C, C++ and Java
  • Perl, python and Verilog
  • OOP, System Verilog, systemC and TCL
  • C# and XML

We have been experts in using one or more of these programming languages for various technologies such as VLSI, embedded, signal processing and communication. You can also feel free to reach out to our experts regarding any technical queries related to these languages. We are here to provide you with the most suitable and simple practical explanations to solve all your doubts. Let us now talk about the important breakthroughs in ECE research

Key Technologies based on ECE 

Advancements in the field of electronics and communication engineering have led to the following major technology is to get developed

  • Image and signal processing
  • Computer vision
  • Circuits for analogue and digital signals
  • Networking and communication
  • Robotics, automation and controlling systems
  • Nanotechnology
  • Radio frequency circuits
  • Satellite and remote sensing applications

In addition to these we will provide you home the exact and specific application oriented technologies that are developed as a result of research in the field of electronics and communication. In this respect knowing the major topics of research in ECE becomes quite important.

What are the Latest Research Topics in ECE?

  • The following are the important topics related to Communication systems
    • Analysis of thermal radiation at microwave frequency for communication systems
    • Millimetre wave and Terahertz communication
    • Smart antenna and authentic drones for remote area communications
    • Feeding channel systems and signals
    • Advanced techniques for digital signal Detection and Modulation 
    • 5G, 6g, Wi-Fi, Li-Fi and free space optics wireless communication
  • In the field of biomedical signal processing applications the following topics gain significance due to ECE
    • Digital equipment diagnosis
    • Detection of heart pulses
    • Designing smart hearing aids
    • Detection of fatal diseases
  • The systems for processing audio which developed as a result of ECE research are mentioned below
    • Signal enhancement techniques like filtering, equalisation and level compression
    • Recognising and synthesis of sound
    • Transmission and detection of acoustic signals and acoustic fingerprinting
    • Noise cancellation methods
  • The ECE project topics related to multiple systems and signals are mentioned
    • Detecting blockages and obstacles
    • Analysing single and multiple carrier signals
    • Classification of analogue and digital signal modulation
    • Analysing and enhancing information from multiple signals
    • Systems for measurement of distance and detecting traffic density
    • Traffic based signal adjustment and pedestrian detection mechanisms
  • ECE projects have also led to the following control systems
    • Robotics and motor control mechanisms
    • Disk drive controlling systems

Presently, we are offering research support and project assistance on all the topics given here. Ideally a researcher needs guidance in all aspects of research including technical writing implementation etc. In this regard we have got dedicated teams of certified engineers, quality writers and developers to guide you in writing codes, algorithms, simulation techniques, and real-time implementation and so on. So you can confidently rely on this for your electronics and communication engineering projects. Let us now talk about the most recent ECE project ideas.

Our Latest Electronics and Communication Engineering Projects for Students 

Usually, we provide the technical aspects which include design, programming, system structure and architecture, along with the basic functioning, implementation tips and many more to our customers. In this regard, we wish to share some of the most successful recent electronic and communication engineering research projects that we delivered below. 

  • Automated solar tracking, mobile charging and railway crossing
  • Smart lighting (utilizing PIR) and traffic light mechanism
  • Home automation using cellular internet of things based on GSM
  • Wireless water metres (smart) using web DB IoT
  • Access control systems using radio frequency identification methods
  • Smart systems for maintaining attendance based on face recognition and RFID
  • Smart locking systems in wireless applications based on OTP
  • Developing monitoring devices in environment enabled by IoT mesh networks

As you work to broaden the scope of your project to meet future demands, keep in mind that numerous performance metrics can help you maintain the project’s efficiency. Get extra ideas for your electronics and communication engineering project by speaking with our research professionals.